Types of cargo in International Transport

There are many ways in which we can ship or receive merchandise from anywhere in the world, this will only depend on the type of product to be transported.

In this article we will show you the different ways in which you can send a load.

Types of cargo


Bulk cargo is goods that are not contained in any packaging and are in order on top of each other, and have in common a certain volume, weight and size, this cargo is transported loosely in the holds of specialized vessels usually ( bulk carriers, tankers ships, among others).


Minerals, carbon, grains, fertilizers, etc. are considered a solid bulk load. Solid bulk handling can be done through hoppers, and this type of load can be handled by suction equipment and conveyor belts.


It is the cargo that is in liquid or gaseous state, this property makes it necessary for its transport to be carried out through pipes for loading and unloading the vessel. The main liquid bulk loads are petroleum and its derivatives, liquid sulphur and ammonia among others.


It is considered as a general cargo those goods protected by a packaging that allows to expedite handling, shipping, unloading or transport.


It is the load packed in boxes, packages, sacks, barrels, drums, bales etc. and that also forms small batches for different recipients. It is usually manipulated by networking.


It is that good that uses the same packaging, it can be uniform or heterogeneous and that when put together presents an aspect of unity. It is used for handling bags, packages, drawers, boxes etc. in such a way that an unitive element is formed in order to speed up the manoeuvres.


Dangerous cargo is goods that may cause any damage, alone or by factors outside other goods that are close to them. These goods comprise a large number of organic and inorganic chemicals, artificial plastics, photographic products, agricultural and assimilated chemicals, powders and explosives, dyes, paints and varnishes, agricultural products perfumery and wood and cork cosmetics, pharmaceutical derivatives and compounds of all the aforementioned and waste thereof.


Perishable cargo is the good that requires special conditions to be preserved, because its physical, chemical or microbiological properties do not allow it to have a duration in time or in the environment, such as Animal and plant origin in primary state so they will need special conditions for their conservation, in this case temperature and ventilation play a very important role.


This classification includes the transport of live or standing animals, mainly handling sheep, mackerel, pigs and cattle. There are special rules that must be complied with by the transport of live animals on board boats.


It is goods whose weight and/or dimensions exceed those handled with conventional equipment and must be transported in special compartments or on ships conditioned or constructed for this type of cargo. The heavy load is regularly characterized by occupying less volume than the normal or light load.


They are goods that require special transport equipment and/or special conditions of transport. Examples of this are the load that requires refrigeration or the transport of cars, standing cattle, highly fragility products, fuels etc. The use of special equipment in many cases involves turning without load. Special loads include extra-heavy loads that require in addition to special equipment, road traffic permits and streets given by the relevant road regulatory authority.


Reference is made to those items that have a special value, such as works of art, stones and precious metals, titles, stocks, bonds etc. Appropriate and safe packaging is used in this type of cargo, which must be properly equipped during transport (safety box).

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