Previously we talked about logistics and how it is composed (read more here), in this article we will specifically address the issue of freight (maritime, air and land).
Freight can be understood in the following ways:
As the process that takes place at the time of renting a means of transport for the transfer of goods.
The concept can also refer to the price that must be paid for the displacement of the cargo to be transported, or even the cargo itself that will be moved.
During the international freights, two important parts are differentiated at the time of their organization according to the role they play in the process.
Maritime freights are considered as the amount that must be paid for the transfer of merchandise from point A to point B made up of the following:
The service provider (ship or shipping company): The transport in which freight will be made, is known as the freighter and receives a freight payment based on the distance or volume of the merchandise that you want to transfer.
The contractor of the service: It is known as a charterer, which defines the product you wish to transfer by means of a maritime vessel.
The most recommended means of transport for freight, especially in high volume and heavy shipments, is maritime. The price of a freight will vary depending on certain factors that must be stipulated prior to contracting.
Factors that affect the price of freight
Essentially, the price of freight will depend on the weight of tonnage based on the distance or route that you want to develop to move that merchandise. It is common for large and heavy transports to compensate for the price and effort of the service. On the other hand, the minimum quantity of merchandise that is established in the freights must be indicated in each of the contracts used for the acquisition of these services.